Powerful private methods for debugging in Cycript & LLDB


#1

recursiveDescription

I don’t think it necessary to introduce this method again. It prints the hierarchy of an UIView object. Here’s how we use it in Cycript:

cy# [[UIApp keyWindow] recursiveDescription].toString()
`<iConsoleWindow: 0x156b6410; baseClass = UIWindow; frame = (0 0; 320 480); autoresize = W+H; gestureRecognizers = <NSArray: 0x156b6bc0>; layer = <UIWindowLayer: 0x156b6720>>
   | <UILayoutContainerView: 0x16258d80; frame = (0 0; 320 480); autoresize = W+H; layer = <CALayer: 0x16258e00>>
   |    | <UITransitionView: 0x16259610; frame = (0 0; 320 480); clipsToBounds = YES; autoresize = W+H; layer = <CALayer: 0x16259760>>
   |    |    | <UIViewControllerWrapperView: 0x16243bb0; frame = (0 0; 320 480); autoresize = W+H; layer = <CALayer: 0x1625a670>>
   |    |    |    | <UILayoutContainerView: 0x1601dd70; frame = (0 0; 320 480); autoresize = W+H; gestureRecognizers = <NSArray: 0x16001650>; layer = <CALayer: 0x16073fe0>>
   |    |    |    |    | <UINavigationTransitionView: 0x16004cc0; frame = (0 0; 320 480); clipsToBounds = YES; autoresize = W+H; layer = <CALayer: 0x16004e10>>
   |    |    |    |    |    | <UIViewControllerWrapperView: 0x1629d9a0; frame = (0 0; 320 480); layer = <CALayer: 0x1629da10>>
...
   |    |    | <MMBadgeView: 0x160055a0; baseClass = UIImageView; frame = (203 1; 20 20); opaque = NO; userInteractionEnabled = NO; layer = <CALayer: 0x16005640>>
   |    |    |    | <MMUILabel: 0x16004ec0; baseClass = UILabel; frame = (0 0; 0 0); hidden = YES; userInteractionEnabled = NO; tag = 10032; layer = <CALayer: 0x16004f70>>
   |    |    | <MMBadgeView: 0x16259810; baseClass = UIImageView; frame = (283 -4; 30 30); hidden = YES; opaque = NO; userInteractionEnabled = NO; layer = <CALayer: 0x162598b0>>
   |    |    |    | <MMUILabel: 0x1625a180; baseClass = UILabel; frame = (0 0; 0 0); userInteractionEnabled = NO; tag = 10032; layer = <CALayer: 0x1625a230>>`

_printHierarchy

Skip UIViews and nextResponders to get ViewControllers directly. Refer to this post for details.

In short, it’s:

[[[UIApp keyWindow] rootViewController] _printHierarchy].toString()

_autolayoutTrace

Simplified recursiveDescription, cuts off lots of descriptions of UIViews. Here’s how we use it in Cycript:

cy# [[UIApp keyWindow] _autolayoutTrace].toString()
*<iConsoleWindow:0x156b6410>
|   *<UILayoutContainerView:0x16258d80>
|   |   *<UITransitionView:0x16259610>
|   |   |   *<UIViewControllerWrapperView:0x16243bb0>
|   |   |   |   *<UILayoutContainerView:0x1601dd70>
|   |   |   |   |   *<UINavigationTransitionView:0x16004cc0>
|   |   |   |   |   |   *<UIViewControllerWrapperView:0x1629d9a0>
...
|   |   |   |   <MMUILabel:0x1624b250>
|   |   |   <MMBadgeView:0x160055a0>
|   |   |   |   <MMUILabel:0x16004ec0>
|   |   |   <MMBadgeView:0x16259810>
|   |   |   |   <MMUILabel:0x1625a180>`

_ivarDescription

Prints all names and values of instance variables of a specified object. Here’s how we use it in Cycript:

cy# [choose(SBApplication)[0] _ivarDescription].toString()
`<SBApplication: 0x1766cab0>:
in SBApplication:
\t_bundleIdentifier (NSString*): @"com.apple.social.remoteui.SocialUIService"
\t_displayIdentifier (NSString*): @"com.apple.social.remoteui.SocialUIService"
\t_path (NSString*): @"/Applications/SocialUIService.app"
\t_bundleVersion (NSString*): @"87"
\t_defaultImageNamesByScreenType (NSMutableDictionary*): <__NSDictionaryM: 0x17672a90>
\t_defaultImageNamesForOrientation (NSDictionary*): nil
...
in NSObject:
\tisa (Class): SBApplication`

_methodDescription

Prints all properties, instance methods and class methods of a specified object. Here’s how we use it in Cycript:

cy# [choose(SBApplicationController)[0] _methodDescription].toString()
`<SBApplicationController: 0x17642990>:
in SBApplicationController:
\tClass Methods:
\t\t+ (void) setClearSystemAppSnapshotsWhenLoaded:(BOOL)arg1; (0x1b2ad1)
...
\t\t+ (id) sharedInstanceIfExists; (0x1b2b6d)
\tInstance Methods:
\t\t- (id) setupApplication; (0x1b3e3d)
...
\t\t- (id) applicationWithDisplayIdentifier:(id)arg1; (0x1b3d0d)
in NSObject:
\tClass Methods:
\t\t+ (bool) cy\$hasImplicitProperties; (0xdb45d80)
...
\t\t+ (void) finalize; (0x39a49ad1)
\tProperties:
\t\t@property (nonatomic) BOOL isAccessibilityElement;  (@dynamic isAccessibilityElement;)
...
\t\t@property (nonatomic) BOOL shouldGroupAccessibilityChildren;  (@dynamic shouldGroupAccessibilityChildren;)
\tInstance Methods:
\t\t- (id) cy\$toCYON:(bool)arg1 inSet:(set<void *, std::less<void *>, std::allocator<void *> >*)arg2; (0xdb45b60)
...
\t\t- (void) finalize; (0x39a49ad5)`

References:

  1. http://swiftiostutorials.com/using-private-undocumented-ios-methods-debugging/
  2. http://iosre.com/t/shortcut-to-find-the-viewcontrollers-class-name-on-the-keywindow/2834

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#2

现在已知进程中函数的偏移地址减去进程的加载地址,得到可执行文件中的方法地址。怎么找不到方法呢?


#3

老铁, -[_UIModalItemAlertContentView tableView:didSelectRowAtIndexPath:]UIKit的方法, 但你下面用的是SpringBoard的偏移来计算的, 因此在Hopper中找不到